Capital of the Department: Cusco
13 provinces and 105 districts.
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To qui it goes to them of gift one of but great the attractive turisticos of Peru and the world. If; although you do not create it, is the Cusco, also well-known like the "Capital Arqueologica de America".
GENERAL PERFORMANCES S
Princiaples data of the Department of Cusco are the following ones:
- Capital: The capital of the Department is the city of Cusco, which has an altitude of 3.399 msnm.
- Ubicació: Departamente of cusco encuenta located in the Southeastern part of the Republica of Peru.
- Climate: Between April and sunny and dry, cold September in the nights. Between October and rainy variable March and. The temperature annual average is of 11°C.
VIAS OF ACCESS
At the Cusco they are arrived by
- Terrestrial Route: A good supply of terrestrial transport services exists at the present time.
- File-Arequipa-Cusco route, 1.650 km, 24 hours approximately in car.
- Lima-Nasca-Puquio-Abancay-Cusco route, 1.136 km, 26 hours approximately in car.
- Also the route can be done of Lima towards Ayacucho by the Route of the Liberators and of alli to the Cusco
- Railroad: A service of train exists that unites the cities of Cusco, Puno and Arequipa. The Route is Arequipa-Juliaca-Puno-Cusco; it covers 750 km and it lasts of 17 hours approximately.
- Aerial Route: From Lima they leave flights in daily form for the city of the Cusco, duracióon is of 1 hour approximately.
LODGINGS And LODGING
Aside from hotels and inns, that are for all the tastes and pockets, the well-known lodgings or lodgings exist which are enough but economicos that previous and the truth that in some cases is a good alternative if we want to lower the price of our expenses. With this I do not mean that it has something against first, which happens is that simply I am providing them part of the information that is not in the main guides and I do not give the prices them so that they are asustarian by the cheap ones that are.
The owner of a hotel commented to me and I confirm me the owner of an inn, that the prices stay throughout all the year, reason why is not necessary to worry about the seasons of discharge.
To the margin of all this, the truth that being in the Cusco you did not need one habitacion with many comforts. So that of this manifestation, it is simple; the attractiveness to visit cusco not this in the place in which you lodge, so that this single place you used it to rest; not to say to sleep and with the routes that haras I assure to you that you finished so exhausted that single quedras replenishing the forces to return to begin on the following day.
BRIEF REVIEW HISTORICA
Segú the legend, Cusco sagrada and capital city of the Empire of the Tahuantinsuyo, was founded around centuries XI and XII d.C. by the Inca Manco Cápac, who emerged from the Titicaca Lake. Cusco was the center of government of the four extensive regions of the Incaico Empire that got to include great part of which at the moment it is Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. The incaica society was an admirable politicosocial example of organizacion, dominó, great knowledge of architecture, hydraulic engineering, medicine and agriculture. The 23 of March of 1534, Francisco Pizarro fundó, on the city of the Cusco a Spanish city, that I am constructed on the foundations Incas. Cusco is, therefore; a typical example of fusion and cultural sincretismo having inherited architectonic monuments and works of art of incalculable value. In the virreynal Cusco great revolutions against the Spanish dominion like the one of Jose followed one another Gabriel Condorcanqui (Túpac Amaru II) in 1780, the one of the Angulo brothers in 1813 and the one of Mateo Pumacahua in 1814. In 1911, North American investigator Hiram Bingham discovered the imposing incaica city of Machu Picchu.
ATTRACTIVE IN THE CITY OF THE CUSCO
The truth that stops to know the Cusco is minimo nor maximo of no day, to the being a this alive historica city, history is become in her day to day, reason why to affirm that one knows the Cusco, with the passage of time podria to become a lie. Nevertheless, for aims of orientacion we will begin by those places that all Peruvian must know and that generally but are appreciated by the tourists. For the people who arrive by first time at the Cusco, perhaps; the best and but facil form to know is being let it guide by the turisticos operators. On the matter I can say to them that the packages that are offered of but are varied, being but common the following ones:
- CITY TOURS: This tour allows you to know the following places; KoriKancha, the Cathedral, Sacsayhuman, Q'enqo, Pucapucara and Tambomachay.
- SACRED VALLEY OF THE INKAS: Pisaq is visited and the Ruins of the Intihuatana, Granary, Ollantaytambo, Urubamba and Chinchero.
- TOUR TO MACHUPICCHU: This tour is but perhaps the important one, so that to visit the Cusco without arriving at Machupicchu, serious as an incomplete trip
- First that nothing; I recommend to them that they buy his paseje of train, the previous day; in the WANCHAQ STATION. The prices are varied, depending on the service that is desired to receive, being but cheap those of economica class, which cost S/. 30,00 new suns, also existing special services that are offered in dolares American, like the VISTADOME U.S. $ 101,15 and BACKPAKER U.S. $ 65.45. All these passages are roundtrip.
- The Entrance to Machupicchu costs U.S. American $ 20,00 dolares by person and the children pay average ticket.
- Once in ciudadela of Machupicchu, if these in good fisico state you can raise the Huaynapicchu, opposite case podrias quedarte a day in HOT WATERS, with the purpose that you can do ascencion to these ruins.
TOURISM PARTICIPATIVO IN THE SACRED VALLEY
This is a tourism modality that offers the possibility of participating with the local populations in the daily activities of its life.
In order to enter to the turisticos attractive diveros that it has the city of cusco it must pay an admission right, reason why it better turns out to buy the U.S ticket. $10.00 dolares American and not to be paying in each place that we visited, this ticket is used for City tour and some attractiveness but. Care, this ticket does not include MACHUPICCHU, which costs U.S. $20.00 dolares American and pays alla.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.